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The Second Characteristic: Activity Level

The second characteristic of temperament is activity level. This describes to what extent your child uses movement and physical skills to learn and explore the world. When it comes to activity level, children can be described as “watchers and sitters” or “movers and shakers”. “Watchers and sitters” are generally happy to sit and play quietly,… Read more »

The First Characteristic: Emotional Intensity and Reactivity

  In our last blog, we discovered that temperament is a set of characteristics that each child is born with and develops throughout their life. We discussed how it is the foundation for personality. Today we will be looking at the first characteristic of temperament: emotional intensity and reactivity. Low Reactors Children vary in their… Read more »

What is Temperament?

What is Temperament? Every child is born with his own individual way of approaching the world. This is known as temperament, and is often considered to be the foundation for personality. Temperament is Innate This means that children are born with their individual temperament style. As a result, temperament is neither something a child chooses… Read more »

The Power of Play in Brain Development

Food isn’t the only thing that fuels brain development. Children also develop skills through playing! Perhaps when you hear the word “play,” what comes to mind is a game of tag or baseball, but play occurs as early as birth. Simple games like peek-a-boo and jack-in-the box are great games to play with infants as… Read more »

Food for Thought, How Nutrition Affects Brain Development

Did you know that eating healthy foods is one of the best ways to build a healthy brain?! During the first year of life, the brain grows 1.7 grams each day (that’s a little more than the weight of a shelled peanut!) Children who are malnourished and who do not receive enough calories or protein… Read more »

Yes, the Brain Can Bounce Back!

In our last blog post, we discussed how negative experiences can be detrimental to brain development. Today we’re here to discuss just how resilient the brain is and show how the brain can bounce back! The brain is able to bounce back from negative influences, especially if intervention happens at an early age. Positive influences… Read more »

How Negative Experiences Affect Brain Development

Here you see two brain scans – on the left is a scan of a healthy three-year old child next to a scan of a three-year old Romanian orphan who suffered severe sensory deprivation. The neglected child’s brain is smaller and has enlarged ventricles (holes in the center of the brain). It also shows a shrunken… Read more »

The Critical vs Sensitive Periods of Brain Development

We know that the first three years of life are important to the brain’s foundation for healthy psychological development. Neural connections are developed and repeatedly used during those first years of life to enable future learning and development. Critical Periods A critical period in brain development is when the brain must have certain environmental stimuli… Read more »

Brain Development Begins Before Birth!

Parts of the Brain The brain grows sequentially, from the bottom to the top.  The brainstem is first, controlling important physical functions including breathing, heart rate, and body temperature.  Next, the cerebellum is formed.  It is located behind the brainstem and controls one’s balance and coordination.  Following this is the temporal lobe, the emotional center… Read more »